Anxiety Symptoms: Types, Causes & More


Having occasional anxious feelings is not unusual in children and adults. When a person begins to experience bouts of intense and persistent anxiety about everyday events, they most likely have an anxiety disorder. A person with an anxiety disorder might have the feeling sneak up on them unexpectedly, and this might lead to a panic attack.

When these intense and persistent anxious feelings begin to disrupt and interfere with your everyday life, are nearly impossible to suppress, and seem disproportionate to the trigger, you might be experiencing symptoms of an anxiety disorder. 

Persons with anxiety disorders might go out of their way to avoid people, places, or situations that may trigger this feeling. Anxiety symptoms often begin in childhood and continue till adulthood. However, there are many exceptions, and anxiety disorders can begin at any age.

Symptoms Of Anxiety

There are dozens of symptoms that might indicate a person has anxiety issues. Some of these include:

  • Sweating
  • Rapid breathing
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Muscle tension
  • Increased heart rate
  • Feeling nervous and tense
  • Weakness or tiredness
  • Having excessive thoughts of impending danger
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Trouble focusing
  • Experiencing stomach problems
  • Experiencing the urge to stay away from things or situations that trigger your anxiety

Types Of Anxiety Disorders

There are several kinds of anxiety disorders for that reason you can find numerous kinds of supplements for anxiety in the market. However, choosing the right one is crucial. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and social anxiety are two common anxiety disorders. 

Some other examples of anxiety disorders include separation anxiety disorder and several specific phobias. Some anxiety disorders might have an underlying medical cause. Here’s a summary of the more common anxiety disorders:

  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

This is a mental disorder that presents as intense, persistent anxious feelings. The feeling can be physically incapacitating and interfere with your everyday life. There might be no specific triggers to this anxiety disorder, but it will have you feeling restless and on edge for no specific reason. 

The feeling is generally overwhelming and out of proportion to any current event or circumstance. This disorder often occurs alongside other anxiety disorders.

  • Social Anxiety Disorder

Also known as social phobia, this disorder causes great and overwhelming feelings of intense fear and anxiety in social situations. This usually results in the individual avoiding social places and social interactions altogether. 

People with social anxiety might have a paralyzing sense of low self-esteem and feelings of embarrassment, and fears of being negatively viewed or embarrassed by others.

  • Separation Anxiety Disorder

This kind of anxiety is most common in children and usually results from their separation from a parent or a person playing a parental role. This kind of anxiety differs significantly from clinginess, as it can disrupt the child’s thinking and cause excessive worry about their present separation. Nowadays, people prefer CBD gummies for anxiety as many research suggest that CBD can alleviate the symptoms of anxiety disorders. 

Children with separation anxiety often experience nightmares about separation and some physical symptoms. They may begin to avoid going to school for fear of being separated from their parent(s).

  • Phobias

This kind of anxiety results from exposure to or being in the presence of certain objects or situations. In most people with specific or “simple” phobias, the object of their fear usually triggers a panic attack. This irrational fear is often caused by an object or situation that poses little to no danger to them. 

Many adults with specific phobias may realize how irrational and disproportionate the fear is, but they can still do little to suppress it. Some common phobias include agoraphobia and arachnophobia.

  • Panic Disorder

This anxiety disorder often causes sudden and intense feelings of panic and fear. This intense panicky anxiety often results in physical reactions such as chest pains and shortness of breath. However, panic attacks are usually not triggered by anything in particular. 

A panic attack can leave you shaken up as if you have just experienced an unexpected tragedy. It starts as sudden anxiety and escalates to a panic attack in a few seconds or minutes. The panic attacks often leave a person anxious and worried about experiencing the next panic attack.

  • Substance-Induced Anxiety Disorder

As the name implies, this refers to feelings of nervousness or intense panic that results from the misuse of drugs or other toxic substances. This kind of anxiety can also result from withdrawal from these substances.

When To Seek Medical Help? 

It’s best to see a doctor if you observe any of these signs:

  • You have trouble sleeping due to excessive anxious thoughts
  • You often think suicidal thoughts and have suicidal behaviors
  • You worry excessively, and it is disrupting your life, work, or relationships
  • You have feelings of depression or have trouble with alcohol or other addictive substances
  • Your anxiety upsets you, and it is nearly impossible for you to suppress or control
  • You suspect your feelings of anxiety are connected to some physical medical condition

It is in your best interest to seek help early if you think you might have an anxiety disorder. In most cases, these symptoms would not simply leave on their own, and not seeking medical attention soon may worsen the disorder.

Causes Of Anxiety Disorders

It might be impossible to tell what causes a person’s anxiety disorder. Some people may be genetically predisposed to it. Also, mental and psychological trauma at a young age can cause anxiety disorders in individuals already prone to anxiety.

Medical Causes Of Anxiety Disorders

In many cases, anxiety disorders might result from underlying medical issues. In fact, anxiety symptoms are often the first symptoms of another health problem. Some medical problems that could result in anxiety include:

  • Thyroid problems
  • Diabetes
  • Alcohol withdrawal or withdrawal from certain medications
  • Respiratory illnesses
  • Chronic pain
  • Heart disease
  • Certain rare tumors
  • Drug abuse and withdrawal

Some medications and treatment types have also been shown to be anxiety-inducing in some persons. Your anxiety is most likely due to a medical condition if you have no blood relatives with an anxiety disorder. Also, suppose the anxiety did not develop from your childhood, and it suddenly appears in your adulthood and seems unrelated to any life events. In that case, it might be due to a physical health condition.

Risk Factors Of Anxiety Disorders

The following factors could increase your likelihood of developing anxiety disorders:

  • Having Family Members With Anxiety Disorders:

    Anxiety disorders can run in families. Thus, you might be at a higher risk of developing an anxiety disorder if your blood relative has one.

  • High-Stress Levels:

    There are a lot of stressors in our everyday life. These stressors might keep your stress levels high daily, and a major event might cause stress levels to peak. These minor and major stressors might trigger intense anxiety in some people. This is because prolonged periods of stress can lead to a chemical imbalance, thus affecting your mood and causing you anxiety.

  • Illness-Induced Stress:

    Your state of health is a major influence on your joy and fulfillment. Thus poor health can often make people depressed or anxious regarding their life, family, and future. This could therefore lead to a sick person developing one or more anxiety disorders.

  • Traumatic Experiences:

    Traumatic experiences can make or break people. If a child experiences abuse or trauma, they are more likely to develop an anxiety disorder when they become adults.

  • Personality Type:

    There is a chance that people with some personality types are more inclined to develop an anxiety disorder.

  • Drug Or Alcohol Use:

    Excessive drug or alcohol use and withdrawal from them can cause a person to develop anxiety disorders.

  • Other Mental Health Issues:

    If a person has other mental health issues, they are very likely to develop anxiety disorders.


Besides making you extremely anxious, anxiety disorders can lead to medical issues or even worsen other health conditions. Anxiety disorders can cause

  • insomnia
  • irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • chronic pain
  • social isolation
  • poor quality of life.

How To Prevent Anxiety Disorders? 

There is no way to know for sure how to avoid developing anxiety. However, you can keep anxiety at bay by observing the following.Furthermore, you can read more about how to cure anxiety

  • Live Healthy And Stay Active: 

    Ensure to keep fit by exercising regularly and eating a balanced diet.

  • Medication:

    Speak with a doctor about your medication options to prevent the occurrence of anxiety disorders. Do not self-medicate, as several over-the-counter medicines might make your symptoms worse.

  • Limit Caffeine Intake:

    It’s crucial for you to cut down on your caffeine consumption for a healthier life.

  • Avoid Alcohol:

    Using alcohol or hard drugs can cause anxiety, and withdrawal could lead to severe symptoms. Thus, avoiding alcohol or drugs is best if you wish to promote an anxiety-free life.

  • Seek Help Early:

    As we stated earlier, anxiety symptoms can worsen over time if you do not seek immediate help. Thus, if you suspect you have an anxiety disorder, seek medical help as soon as possible.

FAQ’s Regarding Anxiety Symptoms 

How can an anxiety disorder be diagnosed?

Begin by visiting your primary health provider to test if your condition is due to a physical health condition. If they rule out an underlying physical condition, they will refer you to a mental health professional like a psychiatrist or psychologist. The doctor will likely first conduct a psychological evaluation to diagnose your condition.

This process might include discussing your symptoms, their intensity, and duration. The doctor will also seek to know if and how these symptoms affect you on a daily basis. Afterward, they compare your symptoms with those in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). From this point on, your provider will diagnose you and suggest treatment methods.

How can anxiety be treated?

Two of the major treatment methods for anxiety disorders are medication and therapy. Your doctor might also recommend a combination of both. Medications are not the final cure for anxiety, but they help keep the symptoms at bay and make you more focused and efficient.

Some anti-anxiety medications like benzodiazepines may reduce your anxiety levels but also cause you to build a tolerance toward them quickly. Antidepressants and beta-blockers are also commonly used to treat anxiety disorders. 

For psychotherapy, your doctor might use Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) or exposure therapy. You might also want to join a support group to belong to a part of a community. You can locate a good support group near you with the help of The Anxiety and Depression Association of America.

What’s the relationship between Irritable Bowel Syndrome and anxiety?

When your nervous system reacts to stress, it may affect your stomach, and this explains why some people have stomach problems when they are under stress. People with Irritable Bowel Syndrome would generally have digestive issues such as constipation and diarrhea. A large percentage of people with IBS also have some anxiety disorder.

When should I seek out professional help?

Experiencing anxiety is something normal. Throughout your life, you will experience anxiety in various situations. Usually, the feeling passes. However, when you find yourself unable to go about your daily life, focus or manage your relationships because of your anxiety disorder, you should get professional help.

Conclusion: How Can You Prevent Anxiety Symptoms? 

Anxiety disorders affect a huge percentage of Americans of all ages and genders. In our fast-paced world today, with so much to keep us anxious, it’s important to learn the symptoms of anxiety to keep yourself in the know. 

Knowing these symptoms might help you nip anxiety in the bud when it shows up. There are several possible causes of anxiety disorders that this article discusses. Genetic and environmental factors can influence a person’s chances of having an anxiety disorder.

A person can have symptoms of more than one kind of anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorders can worsen over time if you do not attend to them early. Therefore, it is best to seek medical advice if you exhibit any of the anxiety symptoms above.


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